02 - Infrastructure as Code_ Why It Should Be Treated As Code

Infrastructure as Code: Why It Should Be Treated As Code



In the world of DevOps and cloud computing, Infrastructure as Code (IaC) has emerged as a pivotal practice, fundamentally transforming how we manage and provision our IT infrastructure. IaC enables teams to automate the provisioning of infrastructure through code, rather than through manual processes. However, for it to be truly effective, it’s crucial to treat infrastructure as code in the same way we treat software development. Here’s how:

1. Choosing a Framework that Supports SDLC

The Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is a well-established process in software development, comprising phases like planning, development, testing, deployment, and maintenance. To effectively implement IaC, it’s essential to choose a framework that aligns with these SDLC stages. Tools like AWS Cloud Development Kit – CDK not only support automation but also fit seamlessly into different phases of the SDLC, ensuring that the infrastructure development process is as robust and error-free as the software development process.

2. Following the SDLC Process for Developing Infrastructure

Treating infrastructure as code means applying the same rigor of the SDLC process that is used for application development. This involves:

  • Planning: Defining requirements and scope for the infrastructure setup.
  • Development: Writing IaC scripts to define the required infrastructure.
  • Testing: Writing unit test and functional tests to validate the infrastructure code.
  • Deployment: Using automated tools to deploy infrastructure changes.
  • Maintenance: Regularly updating and maintaining infrastructure scripts.

3. Integration with Version Control like GIT

Just as source code, infrastructure code must be version-controlled to track changes, maintain history, and facilitate collaboration. Integrating IaC with a version control system like Git allows teams to keep a record of all modifications, participate in code review practices, roll back to previous versions when necessary, and manage different environments (development, staging, production) more efficiently.

4. Following the Agile Process with Project Management Tools like JIRA

Implementing IaC within an agile framework enhances flexibility and responsiveness to changes. Using project management tools like JIRA allows teams to track progress, manage backlogs, and maintain a clear view of the development pipeline. It ensures that infrastructure development aligns with the agile principles of iterative development, regular feedback, and continuous improvement.

5. Using Git Branching Strategy and CI/CD Pipelines

A git branching strategy is crucial in maintaining a stable production environment while allowing for development and testing of new features. This strategy, coupled with Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) pipelines, ensures that infrastructure code can be deployed to production rapidly and reliably. CI/CD pipelines automate the testing and deployment process, reducing the chances of human error and ensuring that infrastructure changes are seamlessly integrated with the application deployments.


In conclusion, treating Infrastructure as Code with the same discipline as software development is not just a best practice; it’s a necessity in today’s fast-paced IT environment. By following the SDLC, integrating with version control, adhering to agile principles, and utilizing CI/CD pipelines, organizations can ensure that their infrastructure is as robust, scalable, and maintainable as their software applications. The result is a more agile, efficient, and reliable IT infrastructure, capable of supporting the dynamic needs of modern businesses.

04 - Terraform license change sparks move to open source AWS CDK for AWS Infrastructure_

Terraform license change sparks move to open source AWS CDK for AWS Infrastructure.



In a move that has sent ripples across the tech industry, HashiCorp, recently announced a significant shift in its licensing model for Terraform, a popular open-source infrastructure as code (IaC) tool. After approximately nine years under the Mozilla Public License v2 (MPL v2), Terraform will now operate under the non-open source Business Source License (BSL) v1.1. This unexpected transition raises important questions and considerations for companies leveraging Terraform, especially those using AWS.

Terraform has been a staple tool for many developers, enabling them to define and provide data center infrastructure using a declarative configuration language. Its versatility across various cloud providers made it a go-to choice for many. However, with this licensing change, the way organizations use Terraform might undergo a considerable transformation.

Implications for AWS Users and the Shift to Cloud Development Kit (CDK)

For businesses and developers focused on AWS, this change by HashiCorp presents an opportunity to evaluate AWS’s own Cloud Development Kit (CDK). The AWS CDK is an open-source software development framework for defining cloud infrastructure in code and provisioning it through AWS CloudFormation. It provides a high level of control and customization, specifically optimized for AWS services.

As a CIO or CTO selecting an Infrastructure as Code (IaC) tool for your organization, this licensing change may prompt reconsideration. With the importance of mitigating risk in tool selection, the appeal of open-source alternatives without the complexities of licensing issues becomes increasingly clear. This shift could significantly influence the decision towards truly open-source tools like AWS CDK over Terraform for streamlined, hassle-free IaC management especially if you are already using AWS as your cloud provider.

Why CloudKitect Leverages AWS CDK

CloudKitect, a provider of cloud solutions, has strategically chosen to build its products using AWS CDK. This decision is rooted in several key advantages:

  • Optimization for AWS: AWS CDK is inherently designed for AWS cloud services, ensuring seamless integration and optimization. This means that for companies heavily invested in the AWS ecosystem, CDK provides a more streamlined and efficient way to manage cloud resources.
  • Control and Customization: AWS CDK offers a high degree of control, allowing developers to define their cloud resources in familiar programming languages. This aligns well with CloudKitect’s commitment to providing customizable solutions that meet the specific needs of their clients.
  • Enhanced Security and Compliance: Given AWS’s stringent security protocols, using CDK infrastructures can be easily secured and tested to be compliant with various security standards, a critical consideration for enterprises.
  • Future-Proofing: By aligning closely with AWS’s own tools, CloudKitect positions itself to quickly adapt to future AWS innovations and updates, ensuring its products remain at the cutting edge.


HashiCorp’s shift in Terraform’s licensing model is a pivotal moment that prompts a reassessment of the tools used for cloud infrastructure management. For AWS-centric organizations and developers, AWS CDK emerges as a robust alternative, offering specific advantages in terms of optimization, customization, and security. CloudKitect’s adoption of AWS CDK for its product development is a testament to the kit’s capabilities and alignment with future cloud infrastructure trends. This strategic move may well signal a broader industry shift towards more specialized, provider-centric infrastructure as code tools.  If you would like us to evaluate your existing infrastructure, schedule time with one of our AWS cloud experts today.

05 - How to structure IT Department for Digital Transformation

How to structure IT Department for Digital Transformation



The traditional waterfall model, with its sequential and structured approach, has long influenced the organizational structure of IT departments in many businesses. In such a setup, responsibilities are typically distributed horizontally across various specialized teams. While this structure has the advantage of specialization, it also brings about inherent challenges related to hard coupling and interdependencies among teams.

Waterfall Based Team Structure

In a typical waterfall-based structure, we see a clear demarcation of roles and responsibilities:

  • Architects Team: The Architecture Team in an organization plays a crucial role in the planning, design, and implementation of IT systems and infrastructure. This team typically consists of experienced architects, such as Solutions Architects, Enterprise Architects, and Technical Architects, each specializing in different aspects of IT architecture.
  • Infrastructure Team: This team is the backbone of the department, handling all hardware-related aspects. Their work includes managing servers, networks, and ensuring all physical and virtual components are running smoothly.
  • Application Development Team: Focused on application development, this team translates user requirements and business needs into software solutions, often working in a siloed phase of the development lifecycle.
    Security Team: Tasked with safeguarding the system, the security team works on implementing and maintaining robust security protocols to protect the organization from cyber threats.
  • Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) Team: This team ensures that the deployed applications are reliable and available around the clock. They handle operational aspects, including monitoring, performance, and incident response.
  • Quality Assurance Team:  The QA team conducts various tests to identify bugs and issues in the software. This includes functional testing to verify that each feature works as intended, performance testing to ensure the software can handle expected loads, and usability testing to check if the user experience is intuitive and error-free.
  • DevOps Team: Bridging the gap between software development and operations, the DevOps team focuses on streamlining software releases and managing CI/CD (Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment) pipelines.

Dependency Challenge

While each team has a critical role, this horizontal distribution leads to a tightly coupled system where dependencies are inherent:

  • Sequential Dependence: Each phase of the project must be completed before the next can begin. For instance, the architecture team must complete design before software team can do their work and software teams must complete development before the DevOps team can begin deployment automation, creating bottlenecks.
  • Misaligned Objectives: Each team, focusing on its area of expertise, might prioritize its goals, which aren’t always aligned with the overall project or product deliverables.
  • Communication Barriers: The need for constant communication across teams often leads to challenges, especially when each team has its timeline and priorities.
  • Integration Issues: Bringing together the different components created by each team can be challenging, particularly if there are inconsistencies or disparities in the work produced.

The landscape of IT project management is continuously evolving, and a significant shift is seen from the traditional waterfall model towards Agile development practices. One of the key features of Agile methodologies is the formation of cross-functional teams. Unlike the siloed approach in waterfall structures, Agile promotes collaboration and integration among various specialties. Let’s delve into how this Agile-based structure benefits IT projects and organizations.

Agile Cross-Functional Teams

Agile development is characterized by its flexibility, adaptability, and rapid response to change. Central to this approach is the concept of cross-functional teams. These are small, nimble groups composed of professionals from different disciplines, such as developers, testers, designers, and business analysts, working cohesively towards a shared objective.

Key Characteristics of Cross-Functional Agile Teams:

  • Diverse Expertise: Each member brings a unique skill set, providing a comprehensive approach to problem-solving.
  • Collaborative Environment: Team members collaborate closely, which fosters a deeper understanding and respect for each other’s work.
  • Autonomy and Accountability: These teams often manage themselves, promoting a sense of ownership and responsibility for the project’s success.
  • Focus on Customer Value: Agile teams prioritize customer needs and feedback, ensuring that the product aligns with market demands.

Advantages of Agile Cross-Functional Teams

  • Enhanced Communication and Collaboration: The barrier between different departments is broken down, fostering better communication and collaboration. This leads to more innovative solutions and faster problem resolution.
  • Increased Flexibility and Adaptability: Agile teams can pivot quickly in response to feedback or changes in the project scope, making them highly adaptive to change.
  • Faster Time-to-Market: With an emphasis on iterative development and MVPs (Minimum Viable Products), Agile teams can deliver products to market faster.
  • Continuous Improvement: Regular retrospectives are a staple in Agile, allowing teams to reflect on their performance and continuously improve their processes.
  • Higher Employee Satisfaction: Working in a dynamic, collaborative environment often leads to higher job satisfaction among team members.

Implementing Agile Cross-Functional Teams

  • Encourage a Shift in Mindset: Moving from a waterfall to an Agile approach requires a cultural shift in the organization, prioritizing flexibility, collaboration, and continuous learning.
  • Provide Training and Resources: Teams should be given adequate training in Agile methodologies and access to tools that facilitate Agile practices.
  • Establish Clear Roles and Responsibilities: While Agile teams are collaborative, it’s essential to have clear roles to ensure accountability and clarity in task ownership.
  • Foster an Environment of Trust: Leadership must trust teams to self-manage and make decisions, empowering them to take ownership of their projects.
  • Regular Feedback Loops: Incorporate regular feedback from stakeholders and team members to guide the project’s direction and improvement.

As more organizations embark on their journey to cloud computing, the need for a dedicated team to guide and streamline this transition has become increasingly apparent. Enter the Cloud Center of Excellence (CCoE) – a specialized team composed of cloud experts from various domains. The CCoE’s role is pivotal in ensuring that an organization’s move to the cloud is not only successful but also aligns with best practices and business objectives. Let’s explore the importance and functions of a Cloud Center of Excellence in modern organizations.

The Role of a Cloud Center of Excellence

A Cloud Center of Excellence serves as the nerve center for an organization’s cloud initiatives. It’s a cross-functional team that brings together experts in cloud infrastructure, security, operations, finance, and other relevant areas. The key responsibilities of a CCoE include:

  • Establishing Best Practices: Developing and disseminating cloud best practices across the organization to ensure efficient and secure use of cloud resources.
  • Guiding Cloud Strategy: Assisting in strategic planning and decision-making processes related to cloud adoption, migration, and management.
  • Fostering Collaboration: Bridging the gap between various departments, ensuring that cloud initiatives are aligned with overall business goals.
  • Managing Cloud Governance: Implementing and overseeing governance frameworks to manage risks, compliance, and operational efficiency in the cloud.
  • Promoting Skill Development: Identifying training needs and providing resources for upskilling employees in cloud-related technologies and processes.

Why Your Organization Needs a CCoE

  • Standardization: A CCoE helps standardize cloud deployments across an organization, reducing complexity and promoting consistency in cloud usage.
  • Cost Management: By overseeing cloud expenditures and ensuring optimal use of cloud resources, a CCoE can significantly reduce unnecessary costs.
  • Risk Mitigation: With their expertise, CCoE teams can identify and address potential security and compliance risks associated with cloud computing.
  • Enhanced Agility: A CCoE can accelerate cloud adoption and innovation by providing the necessary tools, frameworks, and guidance.
  • Knowledge Hub: As a central repository of cloud expertise and knowledge, a CCoE can effectively disseminate best practices and insights throughout the organization.

How CloudKitect Fills the Gap

CloudKitect emerges as a comprehensive solution that becomes an organizations CCoE. Here’s how:

  • Expertise Across Domains: CloudKitect brings together experts from different cloud domains with a wealth of knowledge and experience. This ensures that the components and patterns we provide are best in class and thoroughly tested for security, scalability, and compliance.
  • Best Practices and Standardization Tools: CloudKitect provides tools and resources to help standardize cloud practices across the organization. This includes templates, best practice guides, and out of the box compliance with standards like NIST-800, PCI, CIS etc.
  • Governance Frameworks: With CloudKitect, organizations can implement robust governance frameworks to ensure that cloud operations are secure, compliant, and aligned with business goals.
  • Cost Management Solutions: CloudKitect with its environment aware components offer effective cloud cost management, helping organizations to maximize their cloud investments.
  • Training and Skill Development: CloudKitect recognizes the importance of continuous learning in the cloud domain. It offers training programs and workshops to upskill employees, ensuring that the organization’s workforce remains adept and efficient in using cloud technologies.
  • Customization and Flexibility: Understanding that each organization has unique needs, CloudKitect offers customizable solutions that can adapt to specific business requirements.
  • Continuous Innovation and Support: CloudKitect stays at the forefront of cloud technology, offering ongoing support and updates on the latest cloud trends and innovations. This is like having a team of architects working for your organization around the clock.


For organizations looking to harness the full potential of cloud computing, the establishment of a Cloud Center of Excellence is essential. CloudKitect steps in as a pivotal ally in this journey, bridging gaps with its expertise, tools, and continuous support. By partnering with CloudKitect, organizations not only expedite their cloud adoption by 10X but also ensure that it is sustainable, secure, and aligned with their overarching business objectives. The future of cloud computing is bright, and with CloudKitect, businesses are well-equipped to navigate this promising terrain.

06 - APIs Unchained_ Embracing the Serverless Cloud Revolution

APIs Unchained: Embracing the Serverless Cloud Revolution



In the ever-evolving landscape of API development, the demand for efficient, scalable, and cost-effective APIs has never been higher. One remarkable innovation that has been making waves is the use of serverless technology to unchain APIs. In this blog post, we will explore how serverless technology is transforming API development, providing businesses with newfound agility and eliminating the scalability constraints associated with server-based API resources

The API Integration Challenge

APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) are the lifeblood of modern software systems. They enable applications to communicate with each other, share data, and offer functionalities over HTTP protocol. However, running APIs to satisfy the ever increasing demands of API clients can be a complex task. Traditionally, organizations had to manage servers and infrastructure to facilitate APIs. This required substantial time, effort, and cost, often leading to scalability and maintenance challenges.

Enter Serverless Technology

Serverless technology, often associated with Functions as a Service (FaaS) platforms like AWS Lambda, Google Cloud Functions, and Azure Functions, has revolutionized the way applications are built and integrated. At its core, serverless computing eliminates the need for developers to worry about server management, infrastructure provisioning, and scaling. Instead, developers focus solely on writing code in the form of functions that run in response to events. Doing so offers many benefits over traditional platforms used to power the APIs, some of them are,

1. Cost Efficiency

Serverless technology follows a “pay-as-you-go” model, meaning you are billed only for the computational resources used during code execution. This eliminates the costs associated with maintaining idle servers.

2. Scalability

Serverless platforms automatically scale functions in response to increased workloads. Your APIs can handle thousands of requests without any manual intervention, hence APIs powered by Serverless technology are unchained..

3. Rapid Development

Developers can focus on writing code rather than managing infrastructure, resulting in faster development cycles and quicker time-to-market for applications.

4. Reduced Complexity

Serverless abstracts server management complexities, enabling developers to concentrate on writing efficient, single-purpose functions.

Challenges to Consider

While crafting Lambda functions for domain-specific logic may be straightforward, it’s important to recognize that building a comprehensive serverless infrastructure demands a broader range of components and considerations. Therefore, the infrastructure that surrounds the business logic for constructing enterprise-grade APIs must deliver,

1. Security:

Serverless applications are not immune to security threats. Protecting your serverless functions, data, and user interactions is paramount. Implement robust security practices, including access controls, authentication mechanisms, and thorough testing to fortify your application against vulnerabilities.

2. Monitoring for Success:

Effective monitoring is the heartbeat of any production-grade system. In the serverless realm, monitoring becomes more complex as functions are ephemeral and auto-scaling. Invest in comprehensive monitoring solutions to gain insights into your application’s performance, troubleshoot issues, and ensure optimal user experiences.

3. Encryption Everywhere:

In a world increasingly concerned with data privacy, end-to-end encryption is non-negotiable. Ensure that data is encrypted at rest and in transit, safeguarding sensitive information from evesdropping and complying with privacy regulations.

4. Performance Considerations:

While serverless technology excels in auto-scaling to meet demand, optimizing performance remains a key challenge. Architect your functions with performance in mind, optimizing code, minimizing cold starts, and leveraging caching when appropriate.

5. Best Practices Rule:

Serverless success lies in adhering to best practice recommendations. Stay informed about the latest industry standards and guidelines, embracing proven techniques for scalability, resilience, and maintainability.

However, expecting developers to not only write code but also be an expert on numerous cloud services and configure them accurately can be overwhelming. To address this challenge, CloudKitect offers a range of components and architectural patterns, enabling developers to construct enterprise-grade infrastructure seamlessly, all while keeping their primary focus on the APIs business logic.


Serverless technology has ushered in a new era of powering APIs, unchaining APIs from the constraints of traditional server resources. By harnessing the power of serverless platforms, organizations can streamline development, reduce costs, and enhance scalability. As you embark on your serverless journey, remember to weigh the benefits against the challenges and select the right tools and platforms for your specific use cases. The era of unchained APIs is here, and it’s time to leverage this transformative technology to drive innovation and efficiency in your organization.

07 - Mastering AWS Adoption Strategies_ From Basics to Advanced

Mastering AWS Adoption Strategies: From Basics to Advanced



Welcome to this comprehensive tutorial on AWS adoption strategies! In this guide, we will explore a spectrum of AWS infrastructure configuration approaches, ranging from the fundamental basics to more advanced and sophisticated setups. AWS, or Amazon Web Services, offers a robust cloud computing platform, and understanding how to structure your infrastructure is crucial for optimizing security, efficiency, and scalability.

The Basic AWS Setup

Many organizations kickstart their AWS journey by deploying all their application resources within a single AWS account. It’s a straightforward and convenient approach, but it’s not necessarily aligned with best practices, especially regarding security. This common practice exposes systems to a high risk of misconfiguration, potentially leading to security breaches and data loss. To establish a more robust and secure AWS environment, it’s essential to explore advanced account structures and resource partitioning strategies that align better with security and operational best practices.

A Simple Two-Account Strategy

A significant step up from the basic setup is adopting a two-account strategy. In this approach, every organization should maintain at least two separate AWS accounts:

  • Development Account: Dedicated to the development and testing of applications.
  • Production Account: Solely for hosting production workloads, with provisions for automation in deployment processes.

This dual-account structure offers several advantages, primarily bolstering security. By segregating development and production environments, access to sensitive production data is limited, reducing the risk of accidental deletions and enhancing data protection. This separation aligns with security best practices and contributes to the overall stability and reliability of your AWS infrastructure.

AWS Account Management with Control Tower

Taking AWS account management to the next level involves the use of a dedicated AWS account for management purposes and integrating the AWS Control Tower service to create a basic landing zone. This approach results in the establishment of two distinct organizational units:

  • Security Organization Unit: Comprising an ‘audit’ account for security checks and a ‘centralized logging’ account for log consolidation and enhanced monitoring.
  • Workloads Organization Unit: Further refining the architecture, this organizational unit divides into a ‘Dev OU’ tailored for development workloads and a ‘Prod OU’ exclusively for hosting production workloads.

This meticulously structured setup serves as a robust foundation, allowing scalability and future maturity without the need for extensive overhauls. It not only enhances security but also optimizes resource management, setting the stage for an efficient and adaptable AWS infrastructure.

The Enhanced Landing Zone - Strategies for SMBs and Enterprises

For those seeking an even more advanced AWS setup, CloudKitect recommends the Enhanced Landing Zone approach. This configuration introduces additional organizational units, including a ‘Sandbox OU’ for developer experimentation and an ‘Infrastructure OU’ dedicated to shared services like Route53. Within the ‘workloads OU,’ further refinement is achieved by establishing distinct organizational units for development, staging, and production environments. Each unit is equipped with specific security control policies, ensuring a fine-tuned approach to security management.

To enhance security further, this strategy deploys config rules in each account for compliance checks against industry standards such as PCI, NIST, and CIS. The results of these checks are directed to an audit account configured with Security Hub, Amazon Macie, and GuardDuty to conduct in-depth analysis and report on compliance and security violations. Additionally, a central logging account is designated to receive logs from every account, facilitating comprehensive log analysis and improving overall security posture.


The success of your AWS journey lies in its foundation. While the complexity of AWS infrastructure may seem daunting, establishing the right organizational structure, implementing security policies, and optimizing resource management are essential. Fortunately, CloudKitect offers proprietary tools that streamline this entire infrastructure setup, reducing it from a potentially daunting task to a process that can be completed in just a few hours.

Remember, a well-structured AWS environment not only enhances security but also sets the stage for efficient operations, scalability, and future growth. So, whether you’re just starting your AWS journey or looking to refine your existing setup, mastering these AWS adoption strategies is a step in the right direction.

10 - Navigating the Cloud with Compliance_ Why It’s More Crucial Than Ever

Navigating the Cloud with Compliance: Why It’s More Crucial Than Ever



In today’s digital age, where businesses are accelerating their move to the cloud, there’s an essential factor that can’t be overlooked: compliance. With standards like PCI, NIST 800, CIS, HIPAA, and many others emerging as industry benchmarks, ensuring compliance is no longer a luxury—it’s a necessity.

The AWS Default Dilemma

AWS, one of the leading cloud service providers, is designed with an expansive and flexible approach. Its defaults are built for versatility to cater to a wide variety of user needs. However, while AWS defaults are fantastic for simpler workloads, they don’t always come pre-configured to meet various compliance requirements of complex applications. Why is this? It’s because AWS aims to be a broad canvas, allowing businesses to paint their unique operational models.

Yet, as more and more workloads seek robust security through compliance adherence, there arises a challenge. Organizations often find themselves needing experienced cloud architects. These architects are not just versed in the nuances of AWS and its plethora of services but are also have extensive knowledge of various compliance standards. They dive deep, configuring services to meet these standards, and subsequently rigorously test them for compliance—a task that is undeniably time-consuming and intricate.

Enter CloudKitect: Your Compliance Compass in the Cloud

This is where the brilliance of CloudKitect shines through. Imagine not having to traverse the difficulties of achieving compliance alone. CloudKitect has already undertaken the task of ensuring each service aligns with diverse standards such as PCI, NIST, CIS, and more. In doing so, it provides organizations with a clear roadmap to adherence without the typical headaches.

What does this mean for your teams? Empowerment. With CloudKitect, even teams that aren’t compliance specialists can build enterprise-grade infrastructures that resonate with the highest standards.

The CloudKitect Advantage

By using CloudKitect components and patterns to build your infrastructures in the cloud, you’re not just adding another tool to your digital arsenal; you’re hiring an architect. Our solutions pave the way, saving invaluable time and resources, ensuring that your journey to cloud compliance isn’t filled with pitfalls but is a streamlined, effective process.


In an era where data breaches are commonplace and the protection of digital assets is paramount, compliance isn’t just about ticking boxes. It’s about instilling trust, maintaining reputation, and ensuring the safety of both businesses and their clientele. With CloudKitect, that journey becomes less about navigating complex terrains and more about strategic progression. Ready to fast track your compliant journey in the cloud? CloudKitect is here to guide the way.